The Georgia Constitution mandates that each county has a Sheriff, and legislation designates the Sheriff as the chief law enforcement officer in the county.
The Sheriff has the responsibility of protecting life and property and for preservation of the public peace. This includes all law enforcement functions associated with those endeavors.
In addition to providing physical security in the courtrooms and courthouse, the Sheriff must serve as Bailiff to the Superior Court or designate deputies to serve in that capacity. The Sheriff is charged with serving all court summons and executing all court-ordered levies on property to satisfy judgments in court actions. The Sheriff is also responsible for the transportation of mentally ill residents of his county to mental health emergency receiving facilities.
The Sheriff is the official jailer of the county and is responsible for the health, safety, and welfare of all inmates. The courts have established strict guidelines that the Sheriff must follow in providing these things to inmates.
Click on the Sheriff's Department website link to the right for more information.